Copy of Internal Survey - Mapping inaccessible areas

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— Research and Development —

Not all problems or projects are the same. Many projects require a creative selection of 3D documentation methods and complex post processing to develop useful, innovative solutions. Here we’ll take a look at a few of the interesting projects I’ve spearheaded where technology can provide new insights into scientific discovery. These projects range from calculating the force of extreme weather events 2000 years ago to quantifying the size of a dinosaur from foot prints in a war torn valley to assessing the structural damage caused by earthquakes today.
 

— Heritage —

Mapping Inaccessible Areas

—  winter 2015  —
I partnered with an organization in Armenia interested in more exact measurements within inaccessible rooms in a monastery complex. We employed low mount LiDAR and took scans from holes in the ceiling as well as from a small nook the Eastern wall. The excavated rooms cut off from the remaining structures can now be examined and studied digitally for further research. The results can be seen to the left.

—  Partners  —
TUMO, CyArk

Copy of Internal Survey - Mapping inaccessible areas
Copy of Burrowing to the Past - Mapping the indicators of ancient tsunamis

Mapping the Indicators of Ancient Tsunami

—  winter 2015  —
As part of a National Geographic Young Explorer Grant I worked with marine geologist/archaeologist Beverly Goodman to identify and document key features for understanding tsunami magnitude from the second and third century. I used underwater LiDAR provided by 2GRobotics to get an accurate measurement of the holes left by the original tsunami. All underwater data was then stitched to a combination of terrestrial and aerial LiDAR data from the landed structures.

—  Partners  —
National Geographic Society, 2G Robotics, University of Haifa

Feeling the Weight of History

—  fall 2014  —
I partnered on a project with UPenn to ascertain the weight of a sphinx located in Abydos, a necropolis north of Luxor. For this I created a 3D mesh from terrestrial LiDAR data, providing me with an accurate volume. Comparing the volume with the average kilogram of a square meter of the sediment type we were able to weigh the sphinx at a whopping 12.6 tons!

—  Partners  —
University of Pennsylvania

Copy of Weighing Up - University of Pennsilvania
Copy of Removing Time - Reconstructing the original street level

Reconstructing the Original Street Level

—  summer 2015  —
In Masjid Wazir Khans 400 year history, the surrounding area has had innumerable changes. One of the more discrete changes also happens to be having one of the largest effects. Since it's construction in 1641, the surrounding roadway has risen over 2 meters from it's original level. Scanning one of the excavated sections allows us to extrapolate how the original mosque would have looked and gives new insight into current water runoff and damage issues.

—  Partners  —
USAid, Lahore University of Management Sciences, CyArk

Emergency Structural Assessment

—  fall 2016  —
In the fall of 2016 a 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck central Myanmar and damaged over 400 of the nearly 3000 temples of the Bagan Valley. Comparing against previously collected 3D data, I was able to quantify the damage to individual temples and guide local emergency conservation teams. During the two weeks on the ground, I documented over fifteen sites and created a baseline for future conservators to work from.

—  Partners  —
National Geographic Society, UNESCO, Bagan Department, Archaeology, CyArk

Copy of Earthquake Damage Assessment in Bagan
Copy of Changing the paradigm of reproductions

Changing the Paradigm of Reproductions

—  summer 2013  —
In many of the top museums in the world reproductions are still created with plaster molds. These molds can damage and erode the reliefs they are meant to be preserving. In 2015 we worked with the British Museum to change the way in which mold were created, utilizing non-invasive structured light scanning, terrestrial LiDAR, and Photogrammetry.

—  Partners  —
The British Museum, Kacyra Family Foundation, CyArk

Opening Site Access to the World

—  fall 2016  —
In 2016 I began testing methods for sharing the large archive of sites CyArk has collected over the 12 years of its existence. With the recent developments in virtual reality technology we were able to produce 3D environments for a world audience to enjoy. On a project in Bagan, Myanmar we were even able to show some of the local young monks our site at Mount Rushmore, Lukang Longshan Temple, and The Temple of Naxos!

—  Partners  —
CyArk

Copy of Bringing a library of global heritage to all
Copy of In the Footsteps of Giants

Reconstructing the Past

—  winter 2017  —
In the December of 2017 I embarked on a mission with Factum Foundation to document supposed dinosaur footprints in Baluchistan, a western boarder state of Pakistan. Heavy conflict in the region prohibited experts from visiting and analyzing the prints, but if you can’t bring the experts to the mountain, bring the mountain to them! I documented the site over two days with photogrammetry which created a model with a resolution of 200 microns. At this resolution the targeted region could be reproduced and analyzed in Madrid, nearly 5000 miles away. Construction from the Chinese belt and road initiative have now demolished the original site and the 3D models are all that remains of what could be evidence of the second largest terrestrial dinosaur ever recorded.

—  Partners  —
Factum Foundation, ICONEM, Islamabad Paleontology Museum

— Ecology —

Copy of Collaborative Coastal Conservation

Coastal Collaborative Conservation Project

—  spring 2017  —
We tapped into the local community of drone users to collect aerial imagery that was used to create high resolution maps, models, and conservation materials for the marsh. This also allowed us to establish a citizen science infrastructure to sustain continued data collection in support of the project. This was one of the first times a project accomplished citizen science based biological monitoring for land management with an outlook of understanding climate change effects will impact the marsh plant community and topography structure, allowing managers to make informed mitigation efforts.

—  Partners  —
San Dieguito River Park Marsh, US State Dept.